World SCI Day 2017
World Spinal Cord Injury Day is observed on the 5th of September annually. The International Spinal Cord Society came up with the resolution on the observance of this day in order to increase public awareness of how to prevent spinal cord injuries and how to live with them.
The spinal cord is made up of nerves that run at the back of the body. It is involved in the transmission of signals from the brain to the body and back. The spinal cord and the brain collectively constitute the central nervous system. The spinal cord has 31 different segments which are majorly classified as; lumbar, thoracic, cervical, sacral and caudal segments. The spinal cord consists of the motor and sensory tracts. Motor tracts facilitate transmission of signals that are involved in muscle movement control. Sensory tracts, on the other hand, are involved in signal transmission between body and brain that relate to heat, pressure and pain.
A Spinal Cord Injury is defined as any damage to a segment or the whole nerves found at the spinal cord which leads to permanent alterations in the sensation and bodily functions of the nerves below the injury site. When a Spinal Cord Injury occurs, there is disruption in the signal transmission between the body and the brain which results in a loss of sensation. These injuries can be classified as either complete or incomplete. Complete Spinal Cord Injury leads to paralysis because of the loss of signal transmission below the injury level. However, with an incomplete Spinal Cord Injury, there is some level of sensation below the injury level.
The purpose of World Spinal Cord Injury Day is to inform people about the importance of physical activity and prevention of things that might cause Spinal Cord Injuries and to support those currently living with paralysis.